Texas Longhorn cattle originally come from North America. Enthusiasts believe their evolution is unique, in that they are the only breed that is ‘truly adapted to America.' They descend from the first cattle that ever came to America and evolved in the Great Plains after the demise of the buffalo during the Civil War left the area mostly unoccupied.
The changing face of market demands in the 19th century saw cross-breeding/grading up programs almost eliminate pure Longhorns. However, since 1927, the efforts of the American Government and dedicated cattlemen have seen the breed enjoy both preservation and resurgence.
Texas Longhorn coat shades and patterns are so diverse, that no two resemble each other. However Longhorns can be distinguished by their impressive horns that can span 9 feet in later life. Their horns are worth a lot of money are typical features in Southwestern décor. The breed is slow maturing, yet their reproductive periods is double that of other breeds. Other typical characteristics include longevity, disease resistance and reproductive efficiency. They are also recognised for their ability to survive on a diverse types of plantation and marginal pastures that other breeds couldn't.
Texas Longhorn beef is known to be lean, nutritious, low in cholesterol and flavoursome. Although is viable as a beef breed, many cattlemen keep them merely because they represent nostalgic link to Texan history.
Texas Longhorn cattle are most prominent in America and Canada, however exports are becoming more common. They first arrived in Australia in the early 1980's, and are gradually gaining popularity