Romagnola cattle are the descendants of the Bos primigenius podolicus of Italy, and the Bos primigenius moadicus that originated in the Euro-Asian steppes and migrated to Italy in the fourth century. From these ancient cattle emerged numerous breeds with like characteristics. They were dispersed throughout Italy in areas including Ravenna, Ferraio, Bologna, Pesaro, Forli and Romagna (now known as Florence). The Romagnola is a combination of these different breeds.
Originally, Romagnola served foremost as draft animals. Beef production was a secondary priority. This heritage, in conjunction with the fertile Italian soils and quality pasture, explains why the modern type is structurally sound and well-muscled. The breed did not leave Italy until the 1970's when some live stock was imported to Scotland.
Romagnola cattle are a horned breed with compact structure, whose coat colour is ivory with shades of grey. Their black pigmented skin is suitable for hotter climates. In colder climates, this breed has the capacity to grow dense, darker coats. Mature bulls weigh around 1250 kilograms, while mature cows generally weigh around 720 kilograms. Romagnolas are well known for their maternal instincts, early maturity, abundant milk supply, fine-grained tender beef, climatic adaptability and high fertility. Romagnola cattle have been popular in cross-breeding programs with Brahman (Brahmagnola) and Angus (Romangus) cattle.
The Romagnola breeders society maintain and promote the breed with in australia.
Today, Romagnolas can be found in the United Kingdom, Africa, Australia, New Zealand, the United States and South America. The Romagnola Breeders' Society of Australia promotes and preserves the breed throughout the country.