As the name suggests, Guernsey cattle come from the Isle of Guernsey- which is located in the English Channel, near the coast of France. Sources indicate ancestors were the Isigny and Froment du Leon cattle from France. In the early years, the purity of the breed was stringently maintained through a ban on imports of other breeds.
Guernsey cattle, known for their dairy production, have medium frames with yellow to reddish brown coats with white patches. Mature bulls typically weigh between 600- 700 kilograms, while mature cows can reach 500 kilograms in weight. They are known for efficient feed conversion (in terms of milk production), early maturity, ease of calving, abundant milk flow, grazing abilities and climatic adaptability. Their milk is recognised for its high levels of protein, cream, vitamin A, vitamin D and calcium. Guernsey cattle are also very attractive for cross-breeding programs
Today, Guernsey cattle are bred in the UK, Canada, the United States, Australia, South Africa and New Zealand. The Guernsey Cattle Society of Australia is responsible preserving and promoting this breed throughout Australia.