The Brangus breed of cattle, which combines Brahman and Angus cattle bloodlines, was first developed in the United States at the USDA Experiment Station in Jeanerette, Louisiana. Development in Australia didn't come until the 1950's, when Brahman bulls and Angus cows were crossed in Queensland's tropical regions. The result was a breed that exhibits that best of both breeds.
Brangus cattle are a polled breed and coat colour may be black or red. Their skin is loose and pigmented, facilitating heat and humidity resistance, and bulls will exhibit a modest hump. Mature bulls typically weigh between 1800 to 2000 pounds, and mature females typically weigh between 1100 and 1200 pounds.
Females are known for quality milk production, easy calving, high fertility and their maternal instincts. In terms of the meat market, Brangus cattle are acknowledged for their rapid weight gain and a carcase boasting minimal fat. The meat is well-marbled and tender.
Brangus cattle may mature a little later than other breeds. It generally takes two years for a bull to mature and by 14 months, heifers are able to begin breeding. Cows can continue breeding even beyond the age of 14. Brangus cattle are also adept foragers that perform particularly well in northern, hotter areas. They can adapt to different management systems, both on pasture and in a feedlot. Finally, their hybrid vigour means that they are suitable for a range of cross-breeding programs.
The Australian Brangus Cattle Association was formed in 1961 and it continues to preserve and promote the Brangus breed throughout the country.
Brangus are distributed throughout the United States, Mexico, Argentina, Canada and Southern Africa. In Australia, although Bragus cattle exist in other states, they are predominantly distributed throughout northern New South Wales and Queensland .